Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein 22 January 1898 – 11 February 1948 was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage.
However, Eisenstein was born to a middle-class family in Riga, Latvia (then part of the Russian Empire in the Governorate of Livonia), but his family moved frequently in his early years, as Eisenstein continued to do throughout his life father, Mikhail Osipovich Eisenstein was born to a German Jewish father who had converted to Christianity, Osip Eisenstein, and a mother of Swedish descent His mother, Julia Ivanovna Konetskaya, was from a Russian Orthodox family.
According to other sources, both of his paternal grandparents were of Baltic German descent Strike
(1925) was Eisenstein’s first full-length feature film The Battleship Potemkin
(1925) was acclaimed critically worldwide.
It was mostly his international critical renown which enabled Eisenstein to direct October as part of a grand tenth anniversary celebration of the October Revolution of 1917.